Consider transubstantiation. In Matthew 26:26-28, Jesus said:
26And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed it, and brake it, and gave it to the disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is my body. 27 And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all of it; 28 For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins.
From an early period in Christian thought, there was a belief in the literal transubstantiation of the bread and wine into the body and blood of Christ. However, since this does not actually happen, a disconnect is formed between the desired belief and actual reality.
Such believers realize it’s not true, but they want it to be. So how do they make sense of this?